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足球胜平负ope体育战队 > 初中辅导 > 名师指导 >

记笔记≠抄板书丨如何正确记笔记?学霸笔记是怎样的?

2019-09-18 14:20:19 来源:启达教育网

JIHUMEIYIGEXUESHENGDOUZHENGLIGUOKETANGBIJI,DANSHIHENYIHAN,90%YISHANGDETONGXUEQISHIBUHUIZUOKETANGBIJI,DIANXINGDEYOUSANZHONGBIAOXIANXINGSHI。

第一类型:老师的录音机,很多学生只记不听,成为老师的录音机。

第二类型:老师课堂的板书,全班一样。

第三类型:课堂笔记记到了书上,也是很不好的课堂笔记。

“SHUYAOYUEXUEYUEBODE”DAGEBIFANG,SHUSHIYUANCAILIAO,KETANGBIJISHIBANCHENGPIN,KETANGBIJIYAOBISHUBO。WOMENYONGSHENMEZUOFUXINI?JIUSHIKETANGBIJI。SHIYANBIAOMING:YONGSHUZUOFUXIGONGJU,ZUOWANDANKEFUXIYAO20FENZHONG;YONGKETANGBIJIZUOFUXIGONGJU,MEITIANZHIXU8FENZHONG,ZHEIJIUSHIXUEXIXIAOLVDETIGAO。

记笔记的目的

1.记忆

JIBIJIZUIJIBENDEZUOYONG,JIUSHIZAICIJIASHENDUINEIRONGDEJIYI。GURENSUOSHUO“SHOUCHAOYIBIAN,SHENGDUSHIBIAN”BUSHIMEIYOUDAOLIDE。

2.复习

BIJIJIXIADEDOUSHIKETANGSHANGDEZHONGYAOZHISHIDIAN,SHIKEBENNONGSUOHOUDEJINGHUA,FUXISHIKEYITIGAOXIAOLV。

3.加深理解

ZUOBIJISHI,YANJINGZAIKAN,DANAOZAIXIANG,HUIJIASHENDUIZHISHIDELIJIE。

4.集中注意力

ZUOKETANGBIJIKEYIBANGZHUHAIZIJIZHONGZHUYILI,FANGZHIZOUSHEN。(TIXING:YUCITONGSHI,HAIZIYINGGAICHULIHAOTINGKEHEJIBIJIDEGUANXI。)

笔记要记什么

✍ 记知识点的框架

SHANGKESHIJIANBIJIAOJIN,RUGUOMEIBANFAJISHIZUOJILU,JIANYIHAIZIXIANTINGLAOSHIJIANG,RANHOUJILULAOSHIDEGANGYAOBUFENHEZHONGDIANBUFEN,ZHEIYANGZHISHITIXIYIMULERAN,QITABUFENDENGKEYUSHIJIANGENJUZIJIDELIJIE,HUOZHEQITATONGXUEDEBIJIZUOBUCHONG,ZAIGONGGUYIBIAN。

✍ 记思维

JIBIJI,RUGUOJINJINSHIBALAOSHIHEIBANSHANGDEBANSHUCHAOYIBIAN,XIAOGUOHENCHA。YOUQISHISHUXUE,ZHONGYAODESHILAOSHIZAITUIDAOMOUYIGEGONGSHISHIHOUDESILU,YIJILAOSHIJIETIDEXIAOJIQIAO。

✍记重难点和易错点

JIBIJISHI,XUYAODUIBIJIDENEIRONGFENCENG,JIANGQIZHONGDENANDIANHEYICUODIAN,YONGBUTONGYANSEDEBIBIAOZHUCHULAI。

✍记补充点

ZAILAOSHIDEJIANGKEGUOCHENGZHONG,CHULEKEBENSHANGDEZHISHIDIAN,HAIHUIYOUHENDUOYANSHENDEZHISHI,XUYAOHAIZIZHUYIXUEXIHEZHANGWO。

✍记自己的总结和思考

JIBIJIZUIHAODEMOSHISHI——MEIYIJIEZHISHIDIANDOUYOUZIJIDEZONGJIE,ZUIHAONENGSHULICHUYOUGUANDANYUANZHISHIHEFANGFADENEIZAILIANXI,XINGCHENGZHISHITIXI。

记笔记的误区

▐ 误区1:笔记就是抄板书

JIBIJIBINGBUSHIZHAOZHELAOSHIDEBANSHUYIZIBULOUDICHAOXIALAI,BIJISHIZHISHIDIANDENONGSUO。

▐ 误区2:笔记从不回顾

ZUOBIJISHIWEILEYIHOUFUXIHUIGU,BIJIYIDINGYAODUOFANDUOKAN。

▐ 误区3:笔记不做更新

BIJIYINGGAIZAIHOUXUDEFUXIHEGONGGUZHONG,BUDUANBUCHONGHEGENGXINZHISHIDIAN。

课堂笔记技术要求

1. BUYAOJIDETAIJINTAIMI,MEIYEYOUBIANLIUXIAYUE1/3DEKONGBAI,YIBIANRIHOUBUCHONG、XIUGAI。

2. YONGCI、YONGYUYAOJIANJIE,CHANGYONGCIYUKEYONGDAIHAO。

3. ZUOBIJISHIXIEZIYAOKUAI,JILUDEZHISHIDIANJIAODUOSHI,ZIJIYAOQIUBUYAOTAIGAO,ZIJINENGKANQINGJIUXING。

4. ZHUYITINGKEYUKANSHUJIEHE,YOUXIENEIRONGKEZAISHUSHANGPIZHU。

5. YONGBIANLITIESUISHIZHUNBEIJILULINGGAN,ZHENGLICHENGXINGHOUJISHIBUCHONGDAOBIJIBENSHANG。

记好笔记,课堂效率翻倍,

极大地帮助孩子课后复习。

学霸怎么记笔记?

1.注重关键词和核心概念。

GAIBIANZHUZIJILUDEXIGUAN,ZHIJIGUANJIANCIHEHEXINGAINIAN。ZHAODAOZUIXIANGGUANDEXINXI,JIXIAYUDANGQIANZHUTIZUIXIANGGUANDEGUANJIANCIHEDUANYU,RURIQI、RENMING、LILUN、DINGYI,ZHIYOUZUIZHONGYAODEXIJIEZHIDEJILU,RUGUODAFANWEIDEZHAICHAO、JILUHAIBURUQUDUKEBEN。

2.新信息优先记录。

BIELANGFEISHIJIANQUJISHUXIDEXINXI,NEIXIEMEIYOUYONGCHU。GUANZHUNEIXIEYIQIANNIBULEJIEDEZHISHI,ZHEIXIECAISHIDUINIZUIYOUJIAZHIDE。

3.用自己的话概况听到的主题,

BUYAOZHAOBANYUANHUA,ERYINGGAIZIXITINGJIANG,NULILIJIE。RANHOUCONGTINGJIANGDENEIRONGZHONGTILIANCHUWENTI,ZAIYONGZIJIDEYUYANZUZHIDAAN。(JINGYANJIUBIAOMING,ZHEIZHONGGAIXIEDEBANFATIGAOLEXUESHENGDUIXIN

XIDELIJIEXIAOLV。)

4.学会简写能提高效率,避免笔记跟不上说话速度。

DANGRAN,NIDEMINGBAIZIJIJIANXIEDESHISHENMEYISI。RUGUONIDANXINZHIHOUXIANGBUQILAI,KEYIZAIBENZISHANGLIUXIAXIANSUO。YEKEYIXIAKEHOUBAJIANXIEBUCHONGCHENGQUANCHENG。(YAOSHIJIANGHUARENDESUDUSHIZAITAIKUAI,JIUSUANJIANXIEYEGENBUSHANG,NEIMENIKEYIDAIYIGELUYINSHEBEI。ZHEIYANGDEHUANINENGZAITINGYIBIAN,BUQUANKESHANGYILOUDE。)

TUPIANLAIYUANYUWANGLUO

记笔记的高校方法

1.关键字笔记法。

JIUSHIKETANGSHANGZHUAZHULAOSHIJIANGKEDEZHONGDIAN,BUYAOMIANMIANJUDAOQUJILUBIJI,ERSHIMEIGEZHONGDIANZHISHIZHIJILUYIXIEZHONGDIANCIHUIHUOYUJU,ZIJINENGKANDONGJIKE,FANGBIANKEHOUHUIGUSHIYONG。

2.便利贴记笔记。

DUIYUYIXIERONGYIWANGJIDEZHISHIDIAN,KEYIZHEZHONGJILUZAIBIANLITIESHANG,RANHOUTIEZAIBIJIAOMINGXIANDEWEIZHI,FANGBIANSHICHANGGONGGUJIYI。

3.直接记在书上。

ZAISHUSHANGJIBIJINENGGOUGENGJIAFANGBIANKUAIJIE,YINWEIYOUXIEZHISHIDIANSHUSHANGJIUYOU,KEYIZHIJIEZAISHUSHANGDUIYINGWEIZHIZHIJIEJILU,HAIKEYIJIEYUEHENDUOSHIJIANQUCHAOXIE。

4.剪贴法。

DUIYUYIXIECUOTILEIBIJIZHENGLI,KEYIZHIJIEBACUOTIJIANXIALAI,RANHOUZHANTIEZAICUOTIBENSHANG,HENJIANDAN,SHENGQULECHAOTIDESHIJIAN,ZHEIYANGXIAOLVHUIHENGAO,YEHENYOUYISI,DANZHONGDIANHAISHIZAIFUXISHANG。

5.目录索引法。

ZAIZHENGLIBIJISHI,YOUSHIWEILENENGDIYISHIJIANZHAODAOXIANGDUIYINGDEFUXIZHANGJIE,TONGXUEMENHAIKEYIZAIBIJIDUIYINGZHANGJIESHANGTIESHANGBIAOQIAN,ZAIBIJIBENZUIYOUCEYICIZHUMINGSHINAGEZHANGJIE,HUOZHEZAIBIJIDIYIYEXIEYIGEMULU。

6.思维导图法。

JIBIJISHIHAIKEYIHUASIWEIDAOTU,BAGEGEZHISHIDIANDEGUANXILIQINGCHU,TONGSHIHAINENGRANGGEZHANGJIEXUEQILAIGENGJIAMINGLE。TONGGUOJIANDANDEYIZHANGTUXINGJIUNENGBAZHISHIDIANLIANJIEQILAI,HENSHIYONG。

7.图形表格法。

ZHEIGEGENSIWEIDAOTULEISI,DOUSHITONGGUOGENGJIASHENGDONGXINGXIANGDEFANGSHI,BABIJIAONANXUEDEZHISHI,YIGENGJIAQINGXIKEJIANDEFANGSHIBIAOXIANCHULAI。BIAOGEDUOSHIBAYIHUNZHISHIDIANJINXINGDUIBI,GOUTUZENENGGOUGENGYIXUEHUIZHISHIDIAN。

8.录音笔法。

RUGUOKETANGSHANGGENBUSHANGJIBIJI,HUOZHESHIBUXIANGBASHIJIANLANGFEIZAIJIBIJISHANGMIAN,KEYITONGGUOLUYINBIXIANJILUXIALAI,KEHOUZAIQUZHENGLI,KESHANGXIANJIZHONGJINGLIQUTINGKE。

9.康奈尔笔记法。

FENWEIJILU、JIANHUA、BEISONG、SIKAO、FUXIWUBU,YUCHUANTONGJIBIJIFANGFAWUYI。

ZHEIZHONGBIJIFASHIZAISHANGGESHIJI50NIANDAIYOUKANGNAIERDAXUEJIAOYUXUEJIAOSHOUWalter PaukSHOUCHUANGDE。ZHEIZHONGFANGSHIDEYOUSHIZAIYUJIEYUELEZHENGLIHEBUCHONGBIJIDESHIJIAN,BIANYUXUEXIYUHUIYIKECHENGNEIRONG。

如何使用:

记录:在听讲或阅读过程中,在主栏(将笔记本的一页分为左小右大两部分,左侧为副栏,右侧为主栏)内尽量多记有意义的论据、概念等讲课内容。

简化:下课以后,尽可能及早将这些论据、概念简明扼要地概括(简化)在回忆栏,即副栏。

背诵:把主栏遮住,只用回忆栏中的摘记提示,尽量完满地叙述课堂上讲过的内容。

思考:将自己的听课随感、意见、经验体会之类的内容,与讲课内容区分开,写在卡片或笔记本的某一单独部分,加上标题和索引,编制成提纲、摘要,分成类目。并随时归档。

复习:每周花十分钟左右时间,快速复习笔记,主要是先看回忆栏,适当看主栏。

10.卡片式笔记

主要是正面记录问题,背面记录答案概要,这样复习起来很便利。

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