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足球胜平负ope体育战队 > 初中辅导 > 中考 > 考试技巧 >

提高英语阅读理解做题速度的四种方法

2019-09-18 15:36:51 来源:启达教育网

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一、注意词汇量的积累

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1. 夯实基础词汇。大家在学习课本时,要通过听写、替换、造句等方法来牢固和记忆课本上的基础词汇。

2. 补充大量英语课外读物。除了老师上课教的词汇,大家也要多阅读课外的读物,在阅读中复习词汇、巩固词汇、增加词汇。课外的积累才是与身边的同学拉开差距的关键。

二、养成良好的阅读习惯

在日常的教学中发现,很多同学在阅读时都有一些不良习惯,常见的就是指读、声读和回视。

指读顾名思义,就是用手指着文字读;声读一般有三种形式:出声读、默读和心读;回视就是在阅读中多次返回重读。这几种阅读方式都会减慢阅读速度,分散读者的注意力,影响对文章的理解,所以要提高阅读效率,首先要戒掉这几种不良的阅读习惯。

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LIRU:A computer is a machine designed to perform work mathematically and to store and select information that has been fed into it. (JISUANJISHIYIZHONGBEISHEJICHENGYISHUXUEDEFANGSHIJINXINGGONGZUO,BINGCUNCHUHEXUANZESHURUQIZHONGDEXINXIDEJIQI。)

ZHEIJUHUAHENZHANG,RUGUOZHUCILIJIEXUYAOHUAFEIHENZHANGSHIJIAN,DANSHIRUGUOANYIQUNLIJIE,JUZIDEHANYIJIUFEICHANGQINGXI,ZHEIJUHUAKEYIFENWEI8GEYIQUN:A computer(DIANNAO) / is a machine(SHIYIZHONGJIQI) / designed(BEISHEJI) / to perform work (GONGZUO)/ mathematically(SHUXUESHANGDI) / and to store (CHUCUN)/ and select information(XUANZEXINXI) / that has been fed into it.(YIJINGBEISHURUDE)

三、训练阅读理解的做题技巧

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1. 抓住题目、首句、首段,推测文章内容。每一篇文章的题目、首句、首段往往是文章内容的高度概括。在阅读前,要根据这些推测文章的内容,这样做可以加速文章理解过程,提高阅读速度。

2. 先看题干,带着问题读文章。阅读题干,了解试题题干以及各个选项所包含的信息,然后有针对性地对文章进行扫读,对有关信息进行快速定位,再将相关信息进行整合、甄别、分析、对比,有根有据地排除干扰项,快速选出正确答案。

四、注意做题时间的把控

提高阅读要进行有意识的训练, 即要有意识地不断对自己的阅读速度提出更高的要求。假设一篇约300词的英语文章, 如能在5分钟内读完,这时应训练自己逐步提高要求, 缩短阅读时间,例如四分半钟读完, 只有经过有意识的训练才能逐步提高阅读速度。小简老师建议大家在平时做题时就限定自己每篇阅读理解的解题时间,时间一到,立马做下一篇,如果还有剩余时间,马上回头做上面遗漏的或者是不确定的题目。将日常写作业当做考试,如此训练,那么真正考试的时候就得心应手了。

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