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足球胜平负ope体育战队 > 高中辅导 > 高考 > 考试技巧 >

中秋节传统文化常识,这些关于中秋节的诗词经典,你会背几首?

2019-09-16 11:39:44 来源:启达教育网

01

中秋节

NONGLIBAYUESHIWURI,SHICHUANTONGDEZHONGQIUJIAJIE。WEIHEBAYUESHIWUBEICHENGWEIZHONGQIUJIE?WEIHECIJIEYOUCHANGBEICHENGWEITUANYUANJIE?YINIANYOUSIJI,ZHONGGUONONGLILIFAZHONGYOUBAMEIJIFENWEIMENG、ZHONG、JISANGEBUFEN,NONGLIBAYUEZAIQIUJIZHONGJIAN,WEIQIUJIDEDIERGEYUE,CHENGWEI“ZHONGQIU”,ERBAYUESHIWUYOUZAI“ZHONGQIU”ZHIZHONG,SUOYICHENG“ZHONGQIU”。

中秋节有许多别称:因节期在八月十五,所以称“八月节”、“八月半”;因中秋节的主要活动都是围绕“月”进行的,所以又俗称“月节”“月夕”;中秋节月亮圆满,象征团圆,因而又叫“团圆节”。在唐朝,中秋节还被称为“端正月”。

关于“团圆节”的记载最早见于明代。《西湖游览志余》中说:“八月十五谓中秋,民间以月饼相送,取团圆之意”。《帝京景物略》中也说:“八月十五祭月,其饼必圆,分瓜必牙错,瓣刻如莲花。……其有妇归宁者,是日必返夫家,曰团圆节也”。

而根据史籍的记载,“中秋”一词最早出现在《周礼》一书中,《礼记》中载有两汉时中秋节已具雏形。到魏晋时,有“谕尚书镇牛淆,中秋夕与左右微服泛江”的记载。唐时,中秋赏月之俗始盛行,并定为中秋节。至明清时,中秋节已与元旦齐名。

02

中秋传说

SHUOQIZHONGQIUDELAIYUAN,MINJIANYIZHILIUCHUANZHEDUOGEBUTONGDECHUANSHUOHESHENHUAGUSHI。CHANGJIANYOUCHANGEBENYUE、WUGANGFAGUI、YUTUDAOYAO、YUTURUYUEGONG、TANGMINGHUANGYOUYUEGONG、ZHUYUANZHANGYUEBINGQIYIDENGGUSHI,JINTIANXIAODALAOSHIJIUDAIDAJIALAIBAYIBANEIXIEBUTONGBANBENDEZHONGQIUCHUANSHUO。

嫦娥奔月

XIANGCHUANYUANGUSHIHOU,YOUYINIANTIANSHANGCHUXIANLESHIGETAIYANG,ZHIKAODEDADIMAOYAN,HAISHUIGANHE,LAOBAIXINGYANKANWUFAZAISHENGHUOXIAQU。ZHEIJIANSHIJINGDONGLEYIGEMINGJIAOHOUYIDEYINGXIONG,TADENGSHANGKUNLUNSHANDING,YUNZUSHENLI,LAKAISHENGONG,YIQISHEXIAJIUGEDUOYUDETAIYANG。

HOUYILIXIAHANMAGONGLAO,SHOUDAOBAIXINGDEZUNJINGHEAIDAI,BUSHAOZHISHIMUMINGQIANLAITOUSHIXUEYI。JIANZHADIAOZUAN、XINSHUBUZHENGDEPENGMENGYEHUNLEJINLAI。BUJIU,HOUYIQULEGEMEILISHANLIANGDEQIZI,MINGJIAOCHANGE。HOUYICHUCHUANYISHOULIEWAI,ZHONGRIHEQIZIZAIYIQI,RENMENDOUXIANMUZHEIDUILANGCAINVMAODEENAIFUQI。

YITIAN,HOUYIDAOKUNLUNSHANFANGYOUQIUDAO,QIAOYUYOUCIJINGGUODEWANGMUNIANGNIANG,BIANXIANGWANGMUQIUDEYIBAOBUSIYAO。JUSHUO,FUXIACIYAO,NENGJIKESHENGTIANCHENGXIAN。RANER,HOUYISHEBUDEPIEXIAQIZI,ZHIHAOZANSHIBABUSIYAOJIAOJICHANGEZHENZANG。CHANGEJIANGYAOZANGJINSHUZHUANGTAIDEBAIBAOXIALI,BULIAOBEIPENGMENGKANDAOLE。

SANTIANHOU,HOUYILVZHONGTUWAICHUSHOULIE,XINHUAIGUITAIDEPENGMENGJIAZHUANGSHENGBING,LIULEXIALAI。QINGERYIJUDEPIANGUOLEHOUYI。DAIHOUYILVZHONGRENZOUHOUBUJIU,PENGMENGSHOUCHIBAOJIANCHUANGRUNEIZHAIHOUYUAN,WEIBICHANGEJIAOCHUBUSIYAO。

CHANGEZHIDAOZIJIBUSHIPENGMENGDEDUISHOU,WEIJIZHISHITADANGJILIDUAN,ZHUANSHENDAKAIBAIBAOXIA,NACHUBUSIYAOYIKOUTUNLEXIAQU。CHANGETUNXIAYAO,SHENZILISHIPIAOLIDIMIAN、CHONGCHUCHUANGKOU,XIANGTIANSHANGFEIQU。YOUYUCHANGEQIANGUAZHEZHANGFU,BIANFEILUODAOLIRENJIANZUIJINDEYUELIANGSHANGCHENGLEXIAN。

BANGWAN,HOUYIHUIDAOJIA,SHINVMENKUSULEBAITIANFASHENGDESHI。HOUYIJIJINGYOUNU,CHOUJIANQUSHAETU,PENGMENGZAOTAOZOULE。QIDEHOUYICHUIXIONGDUNZUWAWADAJIAO。BEITONGYUJUEDEHOUYI,YANGWANGZHEYEKONGHUHUANAIQIDEMINGZI。ZHEISHITAJINGQIDIFAXIAN,JINTIANDEYUELIANGGEWAIJIAOJIEMINGLIANG,ERQIEYOUGEHUANGDONGDESHENYINGKUSICHANGE。MEITIANDOUDAOYUELIANGQIANGUANWANGZHEAIQI。

HOUYIJIMANGPAIRENDAOCHANGEXIAIDEHOUHUAYUANLI,BAISHANGXIANGAN,FANGSHANGTAPINGSHIZUIAICHIDEMISHIXIANGUO,YAOJIZAIYUEGONGLIJUANLIANZHEZIJIDECHANGE。BAIXINGMENWENZHICHANGEBENYUECHENGXIANDEXIAOXIHOU,FENFENZAIYUEXIABAISHEXIANGAN,XIANGSHANLIANGDECHANGEQIQIUJIXIANGPINGAN。CONGCI,ZHONGQIUJIEBAIYUEDEFENGSUZAIMINJIANCHUANKAILE。

ZHEIGECHANGEBENYUEDEGUSHIYIXIANMINGDETAIDUHEXUANLIDESECAIGESONG、ZANMEILECHANGE,YUGUWENXIANYOUGUANCHANGEDEJIZAIXIANGBIJIAO,KEJIANRENMENDUICHANGEBENYUEDEGUSHIZUOLEHENDUOJIAGONG,XIUSHI,SHICHANGEDEXINGXIANGYUYUETONGMEI,SHIZHIFUHERENMENDUIMEIDEZHUIQIU。

LINGYOUYIZHONGYUXIANDAILIUCHUANSHENGUANGDE“CHANGEBENYUE”XIANGZUODEDIANGU:《QUANSHANGGUWEN》JI《LINGXIAN》ZEJIZAILE“CHANGEHUACHAN”DEGUSHI:“CHANGE,YIQIYE,QIEWANGMUBUSIYAOFUZHI,BENYUE。JIANGWANG,MEIZHANYUYOUHUANG。YOUHUANGZHANZHI:YUE:‘JI,PIANPIANGUIMEI,DUJIANGXIXING,FENGTIANHUIMANG,WUJINGWUKONG,HOUQIEDACHANG。’CHANGESUITUOSHENYUYUE,SHIWEICHANCHU。”CHANGEBIANCHENGLAIHAMAHOU,ZAIYUEGONGZHONGZHONGRIBEIFADAOBUSIYAO,GUOZHEJIMOQINGKUDESHENGHUO,LISHANGYINCENGYOUSHIGANTANCHANGE:“CHANGEYINGHUITOULINGYAO,BIHAIQINGTIANYEYEXIN。”

吴刚伐桂

TAITOUYANGWANGMINGYUE,KEJIANDANGZHONGYOUXIEHEIYING,ZAIWOGUOBIANCHUANSHUOZHEIJIUSHIWUGANGZAIFAGUI。TANGDAI,YANYICHUWUGANGKANGUIDESHENHUA,CHUANSHUOYUEZHONGGUISHUGAODAWUBAIZHANG,ZHEIZHUGUISHUBUJINGAODA,ERQIEYOUYIZHONGSHENQIDEZIYUGONGNENG。

YOUYIWEIXIHERENXINGWUMINGGANG,BENWEIQIAOFU,ZUIXINYUXIANDAO,DANSHIZHONGBUKENZHUANXINXUEXI,YINCITIANDIZHENNU,BATAJULIUZAIYUEGONG,LINGTAZAIYUEGONGFAGUISHU,BINGSHUO:“RUGUONIKANDAOGUISHU,JIUKEHUOXIANSHU。”

DANWUGANGMEIKANYIFU,FUQIERSHUCHUANGSHANGJIUMASHANGYUHE,RIFUYIRI,WUGANGFAGUIDEYUANWANGRENGWEIDACHENG,YINCIWUGANGZAIYUEGONGCHANGNIANFAGUI,SHIZHONGKANBUDAOZHEIKESHU,ERTAYEBUDUANDIKANXIAQU。DAOZUIHOU,YEMEINENGJIANGNEISHUMUKANDAO。

玉兔捣药

XIANGCHUANYOUSANWEISHENXIANBIANCHENGSANGEKELIANDELAOREN,XIANGHULI、HOUZI、TUZIQIUSHI,HULIYUHOUZIDOUYOUSHIWUKEYIJIZHU,WEIYOUTUZISHUSHOUWUCE。HOULAITUZISHUO:“NIMENCHIWODEROUBA!”JIUYUERULIEHUOZHONG,JIANGZIJISHAOSHU,SHENXIANDASHOUGANDONG,BATUZISONGDAOYUEGONGNEI,CHENGLEYUTU。PEIBANCHANGE,BINGDAOZHIZHANGSHENGBULAOYAO。

XIANGCHUANYUELIANGZHIZHONGYOUYIZHITUZI,HUNSHENJIEBAIRUYU,SUOYICHENGZUO"YUTU"。ZHEIZHONGBAITUNAZHEYUCHU,GUIDIDAOYAO,CHENGHAMAWAN,FUYONGCIDENGYAOWANKEYIZHANGSHENGCHENGXIAN。JIUERJIUZHI,YUTUBIANCHENGWEIYUELIANGDEDAIMINGCI。

古时候,文人写诗作词,常常以玉兔象征月亮,像辛弃疾的《满江红·中秋》即以玉兔表示月亮。至于诸多旧小说,也常常使用此等掌故以暗示月亮。在道教掌故中,玉兔常常与金乌相对,表示金丹修炼的阴阳协调。

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